Leadership Practices Inventory – Psychometric Properties (June 2000)

The following information is provided for those interested in the latest information about the psychometric properties of the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) and research behind the Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership.

A change in the response scale, from five-point to ten-point, was made for the second edition of the LPI. In addition, a few statements were revised and editorial changes were made in several other statements. Responses from observers can now be further categorized by their relationship to the leader (e.g., manager, direct report, co-worker or peer, and other). Otherwise the basic structure of the instrument was not altered (i.e., five scales of leadership practices, each one measured by responses to six statements, on a 10-point Likert scale, about how frequently this behavior was engaged in).

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Psychometric Properties of The Student Leadership Practices Inventory (2010)

Barry Z. Posner

There continues to be considerable interest in youth and college student leadership development among secondary and tertiary institutions as well as among scholars. This is evident in the ever increasing number of courses being taught on leadership and…

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The Leadership Practices Inventory: Theory and Evidence Behind the Five Practices of Exemplary Leaders (2002)

There is considerable empirical support for the Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership framework. Here we provide an overview of the development and validation of the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI). Comparisons of LPI scores along a number of critical dimensions are summarized, as well as brief insights into findings by other researchers utilizing this leadership framework and instrument. Readers and scholars interested in more academic discussions of the LPI can find several more technical reports1 as well as other research descriptions on our website (www.theleadershipchallenge.com).

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LPI Online Normative Database

Observers Only – Through 2011

The database used to produce the normative information in the LPI Feedback Report’s Percentile Graph includes responses from over 1.4 million observers. This data was collected from the online version of the LPI from…

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LPI Normative Data

(Compiled using data collected up to 2012)

Data is from 2005-2011, from Observers only.  The following tables represent the averages and distributions for over 128,000 leaders’ scores in the Five Practices. The range of scores for each of the Five Practices is 6 to 60.

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LPI Percentile Ranking Data

Through to 2011

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